How To Pave – A DIY Paving Lesson

I love paving, not for the fact that it’s practical, but the fact that it can actually pretty up your house and make it look a moving bucks. Whether it’s just step down the side of your ass a driveway a path or that entertaining area that you’ve always wanted. Pave can do the job for you. Now I can show you how to load. And you can do your own little project at home. First thing you’re gonna do is work out your little job. I’m gonna pave here. Gonna come across the house meters and then at three point six. To mark it out and to set it out, you’ll need a string line, some peg, a tape measure, spray paint, and a hammer. Now to start marking out, I like to go to the most important corner first. And this one here out of all four is the most important point. I’m gonna work off the house because it’s relatively straight, I’m still gonna use the street right there. And go forward from there. Straight away, looking at this concrete slab, I can see that it’s not ninety degrees to this wall. So it’s important that you only work off one face and do your math from there. Now I know I said four meters, but I’m actually gonna mark four point one over here. It gives you a bit a breathing space. It means your road based and your sand can go past your finished paving side and you can cut it away later on and hold it up. So three point six becomes three point seven just with a couple all because they’re nice and heavy not gonna move. I’m gonna mark it out. It doesn’t need to be super accurate because we’re not actually laying any pave. It’s pretty much just like joining the dots. And remember this is well worldwide in our finished pay, and it’s gonna be marked up with a spade in a couple of seconds anyway. Now another the lawn that I’ve already down as parallel to the house because I’ve measured out three point seven here and three point seven at the other end, and I’ve done a straight line with the string. So so how do i get the sides right? Well I’m actually using side of the house. I’ve come off a hundred mil and I’ve found this point here and they look like they’re running in the same direction. Now this is accurate enough for the ex section because I’ve got that hundred million to play with, but it’s not accurate enough for when it comes to laying the papers. A great little way to double check that you’re on the right path is to see if it’s square Now measuring from opposite owners. What have we got? Five five zero zero. And this is a good little tip. Putting a brick in each corner. Makes it’s a one man job rather than have get someone to give you a hand. Five five zero zero. Wish me luck five five zero zero. You know maths. Was well worth. Even though, it took me three years. Once you’ve done your marking yet, it’s on ex. Now you might be lucky and you don’t need to take any wave for your finished heights of your paving job. But here, i’m gonna marry it into the concrete slab, and of course, I don’t want to go too high up the of the house and damage it. So we need to go down. And straight away, I can see that we’ve got these here. I’m guessing and telstra and power, but I’m not electrician and I don’t know. And either with you, so how do you guarantee that you’re not gonna damage any of these or even hurt yourself. It’s called dal before you be. The numbers double one double zero. And these days, they send your emails from all your suppliers whether it be your power, your phone, your water or your gas. They tell you roughly where they run on your property. Problem is this is an old joint and things might have been added to it since the day the place was built. So it’s a safety blanket, but it’s not a guarantee. So when it comes to digging, I’m very very careful because I wanna see my next birthday. What I do in a space like this rather than throwing a bait in and chopping into the soil, i’d use my foot and feel as like go. That way, when I hit something, I can stop. The spade stopped at the moment, I can investigate that. Not just a little pebble. I can keep going. But that’s a really good tip There’s… You can do this with confidence, you know the faith those things are in con is go down and feel for. Nope. All good Where do you start well? I’m back to that corner that I started measuring off as well because I can work off the height of the slab. Now I know I need to go down a hundred and seventy mil from this for my finish height. To be flushed with that. So you need to work workout your finished type and work down from there. Forty thirty seventy hun be road base, A hundred and seventy ago go down. If I get this right through here, I can work that level all the way across my job. So the excavation is done That’s the hardest job in the whole thing, the most physical. Now you might think why don’t I just skip a little bit of the excavation and use less of the road base sand. Well you could, but your job won’t lasts as long as if you do all the steps properly. We gotta bring the road base in there, spread it out about a hundred real thick and then compact it with a wack. So what is base? Well, commonly people made the mistake that it’s just blue metal. Blue medals, the big chunky stuff that you see like this, which is great for the back of a retaining wall where you wanna to create drainage. But trying to compact things that are all the same size while it’s near impossible. So if you look at this, it’s got big stuff little stuff stuff the size of a grain of sand. Which means when you compact it together, there’s a size particle called fill every hole, and that’s why it goes hard and flat. I’ve got my hundred road base, and I’m ready to go with a wack, but there’s a couple of things you can do first to get a really good job. What I’m using here is just straight on a pole. Now I don’t expect every homeowner to have one of these and you shouldn’t go buy one a hire one because if it’s just a little job you’re doing around the house, the back of your hard will do exactly the same job for you. It just might take a second or two long ago. Now if you look at this road base, it’s a bit dry and dusty. So when i hit it with the worker, it might be a bit light and fluffy. If I give it a light hose it can said even harder than just going over with a wack. You know want too wet, so the whack guys swimming and gets sunk You just want dave so that it can compact us and hard. Now the next step is the sand and even the way you tip it out of the barrel is important. As you go forward, the nose goes in the road base. If I just to pull that out, I’ve lift up all the and mix it in sand. So if I do it gently, take it off the ground. I barely disturb my footing. As for the sand, how do you get your hot? Well, this is where you need a little bit of patience, a little bit of finesse and a little bit of skill. I move the around by hand and push it towards the edges. We got a bit much there. The moment I push that into the middle. Now, how do I get my finished tired of a pave perfectly flushed with any existing height working. In this case, that existing concrete slap. Well I can’t think of a better way than actually using one of your pilots. I’ve got to decent paper. I’ve broken into four and I can use it around the job to get it right. By running it along over the sand it’s not enough in there there, silly boy. I can get exactly the right hot. Little bit more in there. You can see that my pay was flushed with the concrete. Haven’t had to pick up a tight measure and put it there. If I can just run that across there. And that’s a perfect bed to start my paving. What do you do where you don’t have a surface like that? Well, I’ve run a streamline of the concrete and picked a heart at the end of my job. I’ve got full of one in a hundred. What does that mean? Well, over meter, it falls one centimeter. Over ten meters, it falls ten centimeters. And if you look at that on a bubble, they call it line four. You can see here that the bubble is touching the line. So I know that it’s falling that way. This little pad here is perfect. If I continue moving the sand down, picking nose two pads there up to touch the streamline line, I’ll have a nice flat level surface, that falls perfectly around the corner. And because we’re not putting any drainage in here, that’s really important. Remember I said the word finesse, well this is when you need it. You take your time slow down and get this sand on the one plane. How do you do it? Well I show you the pads. I’ve done that all the way along two edges that I’ve put this screen here. And I’ve made a little valley coming off the height that I had near the concrete. If I check this, and I’ve got line four again. I know that that is running perfectly level with this year. Falling one in a hundred I can continue that along there. And get that line all the way to the end of my paving. Perfect. And make a little channel. Now a pro pave would go straight over the top without digging into either of those channels and remove the excess sand. For a beginner, and I still like the duck to speed is get some bar. You can use tube or anything you’ve got lauren around the house. As long as it’s relatively flat, lay it over the top, the negative with tube is you need to dig your trench for it. The positive with this as you can take it away and you don’t have to fill anything in. All I need to do now is tap them down. Drag my screen. This is a professional one. But if you don’t have one, you can use your level just be gentle with it or any piece of timber provided that is dead straight. It’s your first time doing it, I’d recommend knee pads. Get very sore very quick. Now, the fun stuff. We get to actually pave. What I’m doing first is setting up a string line, so I can lay my first head of course. Now as a pro, I’d run it off a string line every day of way. But a common mistake for Diy diy wires is the pave start touching the street line. As you start touching the string line, you start pushing it out and your painting gets a little bit crooked. So a good little cheat way is to set up a brick. Now we’re laying four hundred meal pave, and I’m gonna allow a bit of room for those conduit down the other end. So I’ve got four sixty off the house. Set the brick up here and then a couple other places. Then you can take away the streamline line and use your straight to bite your pave up to. Australian edge isn’t gonna bend on you. If you move it, you’re gonna see it and you can push it back. He’ll end up with a perfectly straight head of course. So the swing gone and it’s replaced with this hard edge. Now where my first pave is gonna go, page three Brick sitting in at the moment. But what you can do how that mate. Don’t you walk on the scene. You stay there. Just spectator sport. I can bring it on this side. So now, it definitely can’t move back. Same goes here. I can bring it this side. And I can put my pave in as heart as I like because that’s not gonna move. Now when you lay pave, you normally have to have a screw screwdriver or a tape measure. And you need to try and get three meal gaps between all your pave. So that I butt up to each other and rub over time of chip. One of the best things about these Edward they’ve got lugs or n on the side. So when you lay them, they bite up, but they’re below the surface. If they rub it doesn’t matter. But you end up with perfect gaps every time. Oh danny. First one’s always the hardest. And again, i’m staring in this corner because it’s the corner you’re gonna see the most. When it comes to lane pay, I like to tap each one individually as I put them down. Sometimes I might use my foot, but you end up leaving a mark. Sometimes the used ahead, but that gets pretty so quickly. So a little mall like this, and our white one is perfect. Just to make sure that is sitting right. The reason why it’s white? It doesn’t sc. So there’s less cleaning when you finish. There’s lots of little tips and tricks that can make the job easier for you. Just like stacking the pave like this. Offset each one, means when I come to get it, I’ve got a nice handle on both sides and then again for the next one. Now I know this isn’t my prettiest angle, but I’m gonna show you how to lay a pave. You don’t go like this and drop it in. You put your fingers at the top of it. You find the corner, and you lay it down. That way, you don’t disturb any of the sand. And lock up your next favor. Now gonna lay the head of course coming out this way. One of the most important things you gotta get right is to make sure that you’re exactly ninety degrees on this corner. There’s three ways. I’d like to do it. First one, just lay pave blind. Make sure the joint slide up and the gap is even. Because of those logs, you’ve got your three straight away and it should be close to ninety degrees. Now to double check. Grab a build square that cost you about ten fifteen bucks and check this corner. If everything’s touching, all those lugs are touching, then you’re pretty sure that it’s square. But if you want be the most accurate, you should do a three, four, five triangle. It sounds scary than it is. If I just use four pave, and three pave that way. I know that they’re four hundred inch, so the distance is six eight hundred mil. That is my four My twelve hundred over there is my three. So for this to be square, it should be two meters. I’m gonna by about five mil. I need to kick these out. Well, that’s the hard part of paving down. I’ve got the head going in two directions. It’s pretty much just filling the blanks now, and then we can finish the job off. As you can see I’ve taken the planks like because from now on, I can walk on the new papers. Don’t ride on it and jump up and now because it’s still a little bit loose. But if you walk comfortably on them, keep your sand nice and clean. Now I’m laying the first of the inlay. As you can see, it’s only half of one of these pave because we’re doing stretcher bond. So it’s quite a simple cup with the wet or bricks off, but start off with a half and then lay fools for the rest of the line. Start off with a full and then lay falls for the rest of the line. Half four and so on. It’ll end up looking exactly like brick work, but it’s stay on the side of a house. It’s nearly time to crack a cold while celebrate on your new patio, but not quite yet. You need to fill the gaps with a sand. Now I’m using a gap sack here, which is nice and solid and I find it does suppress a few weeds long term. But you can use a wash beach sand. If you go to order it, you can just ask for a sharp clean sand. Couple of bags should do a job like this. And the dry the sand and the dry of the pave, the easier it is to move it around. Now don’t be disappointed. If you’re sweeping into every crack and you come out tomorrow morning and you see that it’s fallen through and it’s less some marks like this. You keep a little bit to the side and keep topping it up for a couple of days, you’ll fill every joint. And you won’t have a paper w ever. Pave doubt, they look magnificent except for the line head of course all this edge. I’m gonna show you two different ways you can h. The first one is you leave that last course out. And throw some mud in there and tap them down and lay on top. And when I say mud It’s obviously a sand and cement mix. It’s three parts of the same sand that I was paying on and one part cement. That’s pretty strong. And I’ve made it pretty stiff. You can see it’s not runny. If it was soft and runny when I lay the pave, it would just swim on me and by swim, I mean move. So going on and underneath the paper like that, keying it in and then doing an angle on the side of it is the strongest and best way to do it. The quickest and easiest way to do it is delay the pave. Then come along with the same mix and throw them out up next to it. And just try and push a little bit underneath. Of course we gonna tidy that over with the trap. So you can go under and on the side or just on the side like this. So as you can say, it’s sitting on about a hundred and fifty wheel mark. I clean up the edges only for forty five degrees. But it’s gonna be covered by either a garden bed or. Gonna see. That’s where you get the kids to write their names in it. The second way, you end up with a bigger hoard because it’s gotta do more. You don’t have that been underneath helping you anchor it in. It’s still only for forty five but you’ve that with a lot more mortar in the ground. And if you’re laying a alone and you want it to be fantastic, you’re gonna find that your grass dries out a little bit more doing this way because there’s less soil for it. I pat help myself i’ve been doing for twenty odd years. Lucky last job, we’re gonna compact the pave down and embed them in place. But if I use the plate compact, without this piece of carpet there, hard surface on hand surface. I end up breaking cables. So I’ve got a piece of carpet. I’ve attached it to the front with a couple tire wires on each side. And i’m gonna protect my ears because I’ve only got one pair and fire this bad boy up. For the very last time. Now because I use the pave block, that’s important that I just give the whole job. I washed down when I finished get rid of any extra residue. You don’t want it. And job done. I’ve been paving for over twenty years and still when I see a feast jump. I get it you. Here in the back of my next standing up thinking what a great little project that was. And I’m sure if you’re tackling it for the first time, we’ll do something at home. It’s an even better sensation.